Shamian Island
  Shamian Island   


Shamian Island formerly known as Shameen Island.The island's name literally means "sandy surface" in Chinese.
The territory was divided into two concessions given to France and the United Kingdom by the Qing Dynasty government in the 19th century. The island is a gazetted historical area that serves as a tranquil reminder of the colonial European period, with quiet pedestrian avenues flanked by trees and lined by historical buildings in various states of upkeep. The island is the location of several hotels, a youth hostel, restaurants and tourist shops selling curios and souvenirs
The island covers an area of 0.3 km², 900m from east to west, and 300m from north to south. It is bordered in the south by the Pearl River, and it is separated from the mainland by a canal.
Shamian Island was an important port for Guangzhou's foreign trade from the Song to the Qing Dynasty. From the 18th to the mid 19th century, the foreigners lived and did business in a row of houses known as the Thirteen Factories, near the present Shamian, which was then an anchorage for thousands of boat people. Shamian became a strategic point for city defense during the Opium Wars period. In 1859, the territory was divided in two concessions given to France and the United Kingdom (of which 4/5 belonged to the British and 1/5 to the French). It was connected to the mainland by two bridges, which were closed at 10pm as a security measure. The English bridge to the north was guarded by Sikhs, and the French bridge to the east was guarded by Annamite French troops.

Trading companies from Britain, the United States, France, Holland, Italy, Germany, Portugal, and Japan built stone mansions along the waterfront. The construction on the island was characterized by climate-adapted but Western-plan detached houses with hipped roofs and large verandahs.
The island was the scene of fighting during the "June 23 incident" in 1925 .
After 1949, the mansions of Shamian became government offices or apartment houses and the churches were turned into factories.


Guangzhou Tourist Site:

Orchid Garden Six Banyan Trees Temple Evening Cuise on Pearl River
Shamian Island Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall Space Flight Spectacle
Lotus Hill (Lianhuashan) Grand World Scenic Park Bright Filial Piety Temple
Western Han Nanyue Kings Tomb Museum Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family (Chen Clan Academy)
Huangpu Military Academy (Whampoa Military Academ) Huaisheng Mosque (Remember the Sage Mosque)

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